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Fig. 1 | Clinical Epigenetics

Fig. 1

From: Long interspersed nuclear element-1 hypomethylation in cancer: biology and clinical applications

Fig. 1

Effect of global hypomethylation in cancer. a Normal genomes contain hypermethylated, partially methylated, and hypomethylated LINE-1s. The methylation levels of each locus are regulated in a location-dependent manner. b The cancer genome contains more hypomethylated LINE-1s. Global hypomethylation decreases the methylation status of many LINE-1 loci. However, there are some loci that are not influenced and some loci that show increased methylation levels. Local mechanisms are also present in cancer cells, and some locations are affected by the process of carcinogenesis

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